Canada’s new passport requirements start today and Canadians with dual citizenship will now have to carry a valid Canadian passport to enter the country when travelling by air.

“A valid Canadian passport is the only reliable and universally accepted travel document that provides proof that you are a citizen and have the right to enter Canada without being subjected to immigration screening,” reads a statement posted on the Canadian government website.

The new requirement, known as an Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA), was introduced earlier this year but hasn’t been strictly enforced. However, the government had been encouraging dual citizens to get a valid Canadian passport.

Prior to the change, Canadians who hold dual citizenship were able to enter Canada with their foreign passports and use a driver’s licence or citizenship card to prove Canadian citizenship. Now, air travellers must have either a valid Canadian passport; a Canadian temporary passport; or a Canadian emergency travel document for proof of citizenship.

The new requirements only currently apply to air travel and American citizens and American-Canadian citizens can still fly into Canada on a valid U.S. passport.

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